Properties And Uses Of Alloy Steel

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A combination of steel with various elements many proportions is called as Alloy Steel. The low alloy steels are generally referred as alloy steels, ranging between 1% and 7%. Yet Chromium, Nickel, Molybdenum and Vanadium.

Properties of alloy steels:

It contains about 1% to 5% of steel that is combined for some other elements. Different alloy elements have unique properties and adding these elements improve various qualities. Adding Chromium raises the temperature strength to heat treatment. Nickel is put in improve strength. Molybdenum increases the strength of the material and vanadium increases the deoxidizing capabilities and offers corrosion amount of resistance. All low alloy steels provide good toughness, torsional and fatigue strength. They likewise have photo active and semiconducting properties help to make them fit for electronics applications. Aged as good catalysts for a number of industrial software packages. With a range of properties they remain considering that cost-effective additives that are combined with steel alloys.

The common properties of alloy steel are Corrosion Resistance, Machinability, Hardenability and Weldability.

Corrosion Resistance:

Corrosion can be a phenomenon in which the metal is corroded or destroyed end result of oxidation. Decrease back rusting of the metal surface. It has corrosion resistance properties to be able to the rusting of the metal surface. Chromium, Nickel, Molybdenum and Vanadium alloys show high resistance to corrosion.


It may be the capacity in the metal to undergo changes easily when exposed to various mechanical processes seaside impression . desired end. Chromium, Molybdenum and Nickel show n excellent Machinability. In some instances it must be annealed.


It could be the property of the steel alloy to be hardened after heat treatment and cooling down. In this process the metal transforms from an austenite to a martensite with the particular temperature condition. All of the low steel alloys show good hardenability.


It may be the ability of the metal to plod through the process of welding to be welded or joined to other surfaces. All alloy steels have good weldability. With the combination of Molybdenum, Chromium and Nickel, pre heating and post heating should be done while welding is done on large sections.

Uses of Alloy Steel:

They are used in various applications such as pipelines, auto components manufacturing, electric motors, axles and shafts of power transformers, generators, aircraft engines mounts, landing gears, wear resistant coatings, manufacturing power electronics components, hot zones of furnaces, electrodes manufacturing, solar panel coatings, magnets, radiation shields, forging dies, oil and petrochemical industries, production of lubricants and smoke suppressors.

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